Endoscopic sinus surgery refers to a surgical procedure which aims to eliminate blockages in your sinuses or those spaces located in some of your skull’s bones that are normally filled with air. The blockages may trigger sinusitis which can be defined as a condition characterized by swelling and clogged sinuses that result to pain on the affected area and impaired breathing. This is actually a new surgical procedure which is useful in increasing the amount of air that flows into your sinuses and in allowing mucus to properly drain from your nose. The procedure is also popular for its other names sinoscopy or endoscopy and works in relieving nasal blockages and facial pain and in improving your breathing and your sense of taste and smell.
Endoscopy is proven to be really effective in correcting conditions that negatively affect your sinuses. You can expect this procedure to work not only in correcting sinusitis but also in treating deviated septum which occurs when the partition that separates the right and left sides of your nose is crooked, tumor which is characterized by swelling triggered by your inability to control the growth of your cells and polyps which is known as a non-cancerous swelling filled with water.
Advantages of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
A lot of people say that endoscopy is more beneficial than the other types of treatment for sinusitis. One of the major advantages of this procedure is that it is less extensive. Endoscopic sinus surgery does not require you to undergo a procedure which removes too much of your normal tissues. Because the procedure is minimally invasive, you can also expect it to be unable to disturb your healthy tissues and minimize scarring and bleeding. The procedure is also capable of providing the best results with the least amount of time. Another advantage of the surgical procedure is that it is capable of delivering certain medications such as rinses, nebulized drugs and sprays into your sinuses linings after these are opened.
How to Prepare for the Surgery?
Before undergoing the procedure, it is highly recommended for you to avoid taking Aspirin, Ibuprofen or any other product that may intensify bleeding. It is also important for you to avoid taking vitamins, spices and herbal remedies including garlic, gingko, Vitamin E, ginseng and ginger as these are also capable of significantly increasing the risk of bleeding. Steroid or antibiotics should also be taken prior to the procedure. These are extremely useful when attempting to reduce your chances of getting swelling sinuses. If you smoke, then you should avoid smoking two weeks before the procedure as this has the ability of delaying the healing period. You should also avoid eating or drinking anything by mouth the night prior to the surgery to prevent yourself from vomiting. Ask your chosen surgeon about the other things that you should do before the procedure so you can prepare your entire body for it.
How does the Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Work?
Before the endoscopic sinus surgery, your surgeon will put you under a general or local anesthetic. A nasal endoscope or small telescope is used in the procedure. The surgeon will insert this instrument into your nasal cavity by allowing it to pass through your nostril and view your sinuses and nose. The main objective of this surgical procedure is to determine the thin channels connecting your nasal cavity into your paranasal sinuses and expand these channels with an aim of improving the drainage from your sinuses.
It should also be noted that the sinusitis condition is capable of damaging your sinuses. If this condition is not immediately cured, then you are at risk of experiencing more chronic conditions. Before the endoscopic sinus surgery is executed by your surgeon, it is important for him to ask you about the symptoms that you have experienced and give you a CT scan and an endoscopic exam to accurately determine which among your sinuses is in need of being opened. The procedure is actually effective when it comes to resolving your sinusitis problems and in providing facial pain and nasal obstruction relief.
How long does it take to recover from the Endoscopic Sinus Surgery procedure?
You can expect to obtain full recovery from endoscopy after a month. After the procedure, expect to experience mild sinus headaches, sinus congestion, swelling inside your nose and small amount of nasal blood. These conditions will be gradually treated during the first two weeks of the recovery period. A surgeon may also prescribe a pain reliever which you need to take on the 1st to 3rd week of the recovery period to reduce the facial pressure and pain that you may experience. Facial pain and headaches will start to subside during the 2nd week of recovery. After a month, you will notice a full healing on your sinuses.
Potential Complications of the Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Before trying out the endoscopic sinus surgery, it is important for you to get an idea about its possible complications. Complications linked to the procedure are rare but usually include orbital (eye or visual) complications, postoperative bleeding, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, intracranial risk like meningitis and complications resulting from the use of general anesthesia. You may also experience nasolacrimal duct stenosis and orbital hematoma. Note, however, that all the mentioned complications are rare. It would be riskier if you left your chronic sinusitis condition untreated because this may lead to more complex health conditions that may greatly damage your brain and eyes. Still, it is best for you to ask your doctor if there are other mild treatments that will work in curing your condition.
It is also important for you to look for a reliable surgeon who is capable of performing the endoscopic sinus surgery for you in the safest manner possible. The procedure is usually performed by an ENT specialist like an ophthalmic surgeon or otolaryngologist. Look for the most reputable ENT specialist in your place to reduce your chances of dealing with the major complications linked to the surgery. It is also best for you to look for a surgeon who has been in the industry for a long time already.