Sinus cancer is a kind of carcinoma which involves a sinus cavity. It is also referred to as paranasal cancer and is fairly rare. In all of the countries in the world, it is most prominent in Japan and South Africa. It is common among men who are over forty years old, but it can also occur in children.
It should be noted that this type of cancer is very rare. Hence, people who experience similar signs and symptoms should consult their physicians before claiming that they have the condition. They should seek medical help and undergo tests and check-ups to determine whether or not they really have cancer. Exhibiting symptoms does not always mean there is cancer.
Sinuses are what can be referred to as air pockets in the facial bones. The lining of the sinus, the mucosa, is where sinus cancer typically arises from. Nonetheless, the facial bones can also be the sources of cancer. The location of the sinus cavities determines what they are called. For instance, the sinuses embedded in the skull behind the nose are called sphenoid sinuses.
The sinuses found in the cheek of the nose are known as maxillary sinuses. The sinuses found on the upper bridge of the nose are known as ethmoid sinuses. On the other hand, the sinuses found above the eyebrow are known as frontal sinuses. The main purpose of these sinuses is to manufacture mucus secretions that are generated from cells lining the cavities.
Sinus cancer, however, is not like other types of cancer. It is unpredictable. Then again, it can still be determined through certain signs and symptoms. There are also factors that are known to cause it. According to researchers, people who smoke frequently and are regularly exposed to dust coming from wood or metal industries have the highest risk of developing this condition.
Smoking cigarettes, pipes, and cigars can increase a person’s risk of developing sinus cancer because these products contain nitrosamines as well as other chemicals that can cause cancer. Whenever a person smokes a tobacco, the smoke passes through his nasal cavity toward his lungs. Basically, the longer he smokes, the higher his risk becomes.
Those who work in wood and metal industries have no choice but to be exposed to the toxic chemicals that can increase their risk of sinus cancer. In this case, they should wear face masks and other protective gear in order to minimize their risk of adenocarcinomas of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.
There is a wide range of chemicals present in these industries for treating wood and other materials. The substances that are most likely to cause sinus cancer when inhaled are leather dust, chromium dust, nickel, and formaldehyde. These irritants are composed of very small particles, which is why they are easy to breathe in and swallow.
Similarly, being exposed to textile dust or asbestos can also increase one’s risk of sinus cancer. The fibers in asbestos can cause cancer when they are inhaled. In some cases, women also develop cancer from inhaling clothing fabrics or textiles while at work. The same thing applies to passive smokers. They also become at risk to developing this condition.
Unfortunately, the symptoms of sinus cancer are commonly confused with the symptoms of sinusitis. While sinusitis is an unpleasant and uncomfortable condition, it is not as serious as cancer. Its signs and symptoms can be easily treated with standard medical treatments. Cancer, on the other hand, is more complicated and can even be fatal.
Some of the most common symptoms of this disease are nosebleeds, toothaches, frequent colds, discharge of pus from nose, and clogging of nose. Once the cancer reaches an advanced stage, the symptoms also worsen. There can be a great effect on the adjacent tissues when the cancer invades the nerves that give sensation to the cheeks or when the cancer presses on the tear ducts.
Other symptoms of an advanced stage of cancer also includes having blurry or double vision, loosening of the upper teeth, experiencing ear pressure or hearing loss, having bulging nose or cheek, and noticing a lump on the neck. Once any of these symptoms are seen, medical help should be sought immediately.
A person who is diagnosed with sinus cancer can undergo surgery or therapy. The most common options are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used to attack the cancer cells and prevent them from reproducing or spreading through the other parts of the body.
Surgery is used to remove the cancer and to reconstruct body parts that needed to be removed for cancer treatment. Patients are also encouraged to participate in clinical trials that test innovative treatments and therapies for this condition. Aside from these options, however, patients can also choose alternative therapies to help improve their overall condition.
Acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy are well known alternative therapies for cancer. Nevertheless, physical therapy and dietary counseling may also prove to be helpful. Physical therapy can help patients eat and speak more easily while dietary counseling can help them maintain good health and an ideal weight.
In case nausea occurs, patients can take antinausea medications. If their white blood cells decrease, they can have blood cell growth factors. Likewise, they can have blood transfusion if their red blood cells decrease. In order to increase their comfort levels, they are also given painkillers and other necessary medications.
The patients are given medical attention in order to prevent the cancer from recurring or spreading to other parts of the body. They are also treated to help prevent complications such as secondary cancer development and the spread of cancer to the optic nerves and orbits or the tissues and bones around the eyes.
The again, for those who no longer show signs of improvement, hospice care may be offered. Hospice care aims to help patients with sinus cancer live more comfortably and maximize their quality of life. They are given the care and attention they need. Their families are also oriented and provided with support.