Maxillary sinusitis infection is a condition that plagues many people in America – about 15 millions are infected annually. Yet health experts, though feeling alarmed, are not surprised. The anatomical closeness among the sinuses and the maxillary portion of the skull explains best why maxillary sinusitis is prevalent –not only among Americans but other Caucasians as well.
Another condition conducive for the development of this disease is the location of the drainage cavity which serves as canal for the release of mucus from the other sinuses. This cavity is located just above the maxillary sinuses.
How Does Maxillary Sinusitis Infection Develop
1. Triggers to the Production of Mucus
Mucus can be due to a cold, an allergy or issues that have to do with an autoimmune system that functions irregularly.
Assessment, diagnosis and treatment are most difficult to do when the patient is suffering from an abnormal or irregular functioning of the immune system. In this particular case, the immune system mistakenly identifies non-harmful substances as health-risk invaders. The mucous membranes in the sinuses are then unnecessarily directed to produce mucus in large amounts.
Such immune system directive also occurs when the case in point is either an occurrence of a cold or an allergic reaction – cases when the cause of the production of mucus isn’t due to a dysfunctional immune system. Accordingly, these triggers are easier to identify and manage. All that it requires to do is by the physician to refer to one’s medical history if the trigger is an allergic reaction, or to prescribe appropriate medication once it is determined that the trigger is a simple cold.
A medical intervention has to be done quickly due to the fact that the maxillary sinuses become vulnerable to bacterial and viral infections when they become filled with mucus. Maxillary sinusitis infections are more common and require the shortest time to cure. While viral infections can be cured within ten days, a bacterial maxillary sinusitis infection may sometimes not be curable in 3 months. Depending on the bacterial pathogens that are involved, some incidence of maxillary sinusitis infection can be corrected in two weeks at the shortest.
All the same, a patient should not let the condition worsen to its acute stage. The sinus symptoms can get unbearable over time.
3. Symptoms of Maxillary Sinusitis
The symptoms of Maxillary sinusitis in its pre-infection stage include bad breath, stuffy ears, slight fever and headache, too much throat clearing, puffy eyes and chronic colds.
And when the condition is on its acute stage, a patient will experience more frequent and longer periods of headache attacks – one that is characterized by a throbbing pressure from inside the skull, deep pain from under the eyes, acute nasal congestion that allows little amount of air to get through, runny nose, hoarse vocal sound, and pain that can be felt in the facial area, which becomes worse when the patient is bending.
These symptoms can be further aggravated by any of the following: enlarged turbinates, deviated septum, and infections around the oral area. Spongy bones called turbinates may obstruct the nasal canal used for draining the mucus from the sinuses.
In the same way, one who has a deviated septum, whether leaning to the left or to the right, will also cause obstruction of mucus flow. Oral problems such as tooth decay and bleeding of gums maximizes the pain that one can feel especially when he is experiencing toothache or there is discharge of yellow-green mucus in the affected oral area.
Common Medical Intervention
The good news is that there is something that one can do to prevent the occurrence of maxillary sinusitis infection. For those whose triggers are allergens, they should identify the origins of these triggers and stay away from them. But if the symptoms above are already being experienced – including coughing – it is time for a quick visit to the doctor.
A nasal spray might be prescribed along with a medication that will control the body’s overreaction to these allergens. For those who are suffering from simple colds, expect your physicians to give you an antibiotic medication which will be taken up by you for a period of three weeks.
And if it is a maxillary sinusitis infection at its onset, you will be given decongestants along with oral antibiotics. The problem with using oral antibiotics alone in the treatment of maxillary sinusitis (that is without the use of decongestants) is that healing through oral antibiotics is quite slow due to the treatment’s dependence on blood flow. Reports have it that the use of oral antibiotics promotes recurrent sinusitis infections (for all types of sinusitis, not just for maxillary sinusitis infection).
Nasal sprays are the most widely-used decongestants. However, using nasal sprays is also inefficient in treating the sinus inflammation directly, meaning right into the site of the infected areas. For quick treatment, we need decongestants that can get to the actual sites of inflammation – right in the place where the viruses or bacteria are.
In consequence, more powerful decongestants were developed but another problem arose with their use. These new decongestants are using highly addictive substances such as phenylephrine or oxymetazoline, which can make users dependent after prolonged use.
Furthermore, the body has the ability to become resistant to these substances – the way when somebody uses antibiotics. Long-time use of these decongestants will eventually render these drugs ineffective; dependence on these substances is also likely to occur.
Examples of this kind of medication are those that are presented as nebulizers – which have the ability to discharge minute, misty particles as small as 3.2-micron. One can imagine how rapidly these particles can enter the sinuses, fight off pathogens within the area and penetrate the inflamed sinus cavities.
Given this information, it is now clear to us that the best solution is prevention. Those 15 million Americans should keep themselves away from environmental conditions that precipitate the development of this disease. And until the perfect medication for maxillary sinusitis infection is discovered and made available, we all have to maintain discipline and caution.