Sinus cancer can be prevented if the sinus cancer symptoms are detected early on. Sinus cancer, also known as paranasal cancer, is a carcinoma that involves the sinus cavities. It is quite rare, and usually occurs in men in Japan and South Africa. In the United States, only about two thousand people are affected by this disease per year. Even thought it rarely affects people below forty years of age, it can affect children.
Most sinus cancer symptoms resemble those of infection or inflammation of the sinuses such as runny nose, postnasal drip, pain above the eyebrows or under the eyes, congestion, loose teeth, and toothache or earache. Other symptoms such as nosebleeds, fatigue, visual changes or bulging of the eye, lump in the face, neck, nose, or throat, changes in smell, hearing, or taste, numbness, and unexplained weight loss may occur as well.
However, even though sinus cancer symptoms are similar to sinusitis symptoms, they cannot be treated easily. They do not resolve with common therapies and they can change facial appearance. The treatment for sinus cancer basically depends on its size, where it is located, and whether it has already spread or not. The overall health condition of the patient also counts. Surgery is usually an option that is followed or preceded by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
A lot of people tend to ignore these sinus cancer symptoms thinking that they are just symptoms of sinusitis. Because of this, many patients become too late to realize that the cancer has already spread to the surrounding areas. They have to have their tumors removed and undergo therapy. Then again, the five-year survival rate among patients is low so it is extremely necessary to consult a physician immediately once the symptoms are noticed.
The causes of sinus cancer are not relatively known although certain factors have already been identified to increase its risk of occurrence. Also, men who are over forty years of age and are alcoholic are most susceptible to this disease. Those who have HPV or human papilloma virus infection or are frequently exposed to chemicals and dust involved in woodworking, shoemaking, and metal-plating, are at a higher risk of developing sinus cancer.
It is important to note that sinusitis is different from sinus cancer. Sinusitis is simply an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and is not a cause of sinus cancer. Sinusitis can be caused by allergies, autoimmune issues, or infections. Usually, it can be resolved over just a couple of weeks. It is a very common condition among children and adults. In the United States, for instance, over twenty-four million cases of this condition occur per year.
To be able to lower the risk of sinus cancer, alcohol consumption should be reduced. Tobacco smoking should also be stopped and exposure to chemicals should be avoided. While it may not be possible for people who work in the woodworking, shoemaking, and metal-plating industries to avoid the dust and chemicals involved, they may still prevent the development of sinus cancer symptoms by taking precautions and wearing protected gear.
As stated previously, the survival rate among post-treatment patient is low. In fact, this rate only ranges from ten to twenty percent. Hence, those who notice sinus cancer symptoms should consult with their physicians as soon as possible so they can know which form of treatment is best for them. The treatments for this disease are various, and usually depend upon the type of cancer present as well as the extent to which it has spread.
The main goal of these treatments is to cure sinus cancer permanently and to get rid of its signs and symptoms completely. While most of these treatments are successful in getting rid of the sinus cancer symptoms, there are still cases in which the patients do not become completely cured. The signs and symptoms relapse or recur after a few months or even years. This can be very difficult for the patients as these symptoms are unpleasant and painful.
Moreover, the complications of sinus cancer can be life threatening. Aside from the recurrence of cancer after therapy and treatment, secondary cancer such as lung cancer or brain cancer may be developed. The cancer may also spread to other areas including the nerves of the eyes as well as the tissues and bones around the eyes. Immediate medical attention is necessary once sinus cancer symptoms appear to prevent the condition from getting worse.
Sinus cancer is usually treated with surgery to remove the cancer and find out how far it has spread, and to reconstruct areas that were affected by the cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are also used to attack the cancer cells. Patients are also advised to participate in clinical trials that test new treatments and therapies. Other therapies and medications that may be beneficial to the overall health of the patient are also commonly used.
These include physical therapy to help with speaking, eating, and swallowing, antinausea medications for nausea, pain medications for comfort, and blood transfusion for replacing platelets or red blood cells that have been lost or reduced. Likewise, blood cell growth is also used to improve the number of white blood cells when they are reduced. Dietary counseling is also given to patients to help them maintain nutritional and strength status.
In order to help the patients deal better with their sinus cancer symptoms, they are also given complementary treatments or alternative therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy. These complementary treatments are used in conjunction with standard medical treatments and not as substitute for them. In addition to these treatments and therapies, hospice care is also given to patients with advanced stages of sinus cancer.
Hospice care involves controlling pain and sinus cancer symptoms while providing spiritual and psychological support to the patient. It also involves giving support to the family of the patient. Hospice care may be the last resort for a patient suffering from sinus cancer. Its main goal is to provide comfort for the patient who has become unresponsive to standard medical treatments.