Sinus disease or sinusitis is characterized by inflamed paranasal sinuses caused by allergies, infections and any other autoimmune conditions. The most common cases of sinusitis are caused by viral infections and treated within ten days. Paranasal sinuses actually refer to the paired air cavities found in your cranial bones. These sinuses are connected to your nose in that specific part where your mucus drains and the air passes. Every person has four sinus cavities and these are extremely beneficial because of their ability to act as the first line of protection against infections. This is the main reason why your sinuses are the ones that get infected first. The sinus cavities are also beneficial because of their ability to lighten your skull’s weight, provide more quality to your voice, moisten and filter the breathed air and get rid of any unwanted and harmful particles in the air.
The first of the four sinus cavities that can be found in each human being is called ethmoid sinuses. Inflammation of this specific type of sinus cavity may cause you to suffer from ethmoiditis. The second sinus cavity is called frontal sinuses and you can find it above your eyes near your forehead. These sinuses only tend to appear once you reach the age of seven. Inflammation of your frontal sinus cavity may cause you to deal with frontal sinusitis. The third sinus cavity is the maxillary sinuses found in the nostrils in both sides of your cheekbones. Inflammation of your maxillary sinuses may cause you to suffer from a condition called antritis which results from viral, bacterial and any other irritants. The last sinus cavity is called the sphenoid sinuses and these are located deep in your skull behind your eyes and ethmoid sinuses. Inflamed sphenoid sinuses are referred to as sphenoiditis.
Different Types of Sinus Disease
Sinus disease comes in different types and you have to become familiar about all these so you will never have a hard time finding the right treatment for your unique condition. The following are among the major types of sinusitis:
- Acute Sinusitis: This type of sinusitis may cause you to experience facial pain, runny nose and fever. You can expect your runny nose to last for seven to ten days. Most acute sinusitis cases are accompanied by common colds and are sometimes painful. This specific problem can be treated with the help of antibiotics. The common colds that you may experience due to acute sinusitis may result to swollen and blocked opening of sinuses, triggering the stagnation of sinus secretions in your sinuses. Blocked sinuses may lead to the development of bacteria and sinus infection. Among the bacteria that may cause the infections are moraxella catarrhalis, haemophilus influenza and streptococcus pneumonia.
- Chronic Sinusitis: The chronic type of sinus disease is not characterized by any fever. Instead of fever, you may experience certain symptoms including facial fullness, nasal fullness, nasal stuffiness, night-time cough, chronic post nasal drip, headaches, pain felt behind your eyes, stomach ache, chronic sore throat and excessive fatigue. This condition is also caused by numerous factors and these include abnormalities in your nose’s structure, swimming or diving, nasal allergies, enlarged adenoids, nasal trauma, dental infections and deformities in your cleft palate. In order for you to treat chronic sinusitis completely, you will need to take antibiotics for around four to eight weeks. But if you notice that your body is unable to respond positively to the intake of antibiotics, then a surgical procedure is required.
- Allergic Fungal Sinusitis: This is considered as one of the most common fungal infections linked to chronic sinusitis. You have a great chance of suffering from this condition if you are already dealing with a sinus disease and nasal polyps. This condition is characterized by having sinus tissues that are covered with thick, discolored and gel-like mucus containing allergy cells. The gel-like mucus is called allergic mucin and this is filled with fungal elements as shown in the results of any microscopic examinations. The most effective treatments for this type of sinusitis are surgery, nasal and oral corticosteroids, antihistamines, leukotriene modifiers, oral decongestants and allergy injection therapy.
- Invasive Fungal Sinusitis: This often affects people who have weak immune systems. It results from the direct invasion of fungus into the tissues of your mucus membrane which refer to the bony compositions of your sinuses and the walls of your blood vessels. You are more prone to suffering from this condition if you have taken higher dosage of immunosuppressant or corticosteroids treatment in the past and if you are suffering from advanced cancer and immunodeficiency.
Effective Treatments for Sinus Disease
If you are suffering from a sinus disease (sinusitis), then rest assured that there are ways for you to treat it. Some of the most effective treatments for sinusitis are the following:
- Decongestants: Decongestants such as phenylpropanolamine, phenylpherine and pseudoephedrine are capable of providing temporary relief if you are already suffering from the symptoms of sinusitis. You can expect this to work in treating sinusitis by draining your sinuses and your nose. This type of treatment is also effective in constricting your blood vessels and in shrinking your nasal membranes and sinuses, thereby decreasing the stuffiness in your nasal passages and sinuses.
- Prescription Inhalers: You may visit your doctor and ask him if he can prescribe an effective inhaler which works in effectively treating a sinus disease. The inhalers work in reducing inflammation in your sinuses and in treating your sinus membranes after completely eliminating bacteria. If you follow the directions stated by your doctor, then you can expect the prescription inhalers to offer you the safest results even if you take them for several months.
- Antihistamines: Antihistamines such as Hismanal, Tavist, Seldane and chlorpheniramine are useful in your attempt to obtain relief from nasal inflammation and itchiness. The only problem with antihistamines is that they are ineffective in draining your mucus.
Other Sinus Disease Treatments. Aside from the prescription inhalers, antihistamines and decongestants, you may also find expectorants, humidifiers, nasal sprays, saltwater sprays, antibiotics, nasal wash, hydration, immunotherapy and anti-inflammatory drugs useful in treating sinus disease.