When the sinuses are inflamed caused by bacteria or viral infections, the condition is called sinusitis. There are different sinusitis infections symptoms and they cause pressure and pain in the head and face. The nose will be blocked and shall excrete pus-like discharges. Such condition can be either acute or chronic.
If one suffers sphenoid sinusitis, pain will be felt on top of the patient’s head and behind his eyes. With ethmoid sinus infection, the pain will be on the eye area as the tissues and the eyelids would swell. If one has maxillary sinus infection, the pain is felt on the teeth, jaws and cheeks. If he suffers from frontal sinus, the pain is in the forehead and eyebrows.
When one suffers from chronic sinusitis, there will be mild symptoms which last more than two months. The sufferer would not incur fever but he will become weak and exhausted. There are also studies that link asthma to chronic sinus infections.
A common symptom of sinusitis infection is pain. This can be felt in the head, forehead, face, cheeks, jaw or teeth. Headache is felt usually in the morning. When the patient bends over, the pain worsens.
Sinusitis infection symptoms also include pressure on the face. This is because the inflammation thickens the lining of the sinuses. Air would then be difficult to pass through. Other symptoms include fever, neck pain and ear aches.
Swelling is another symptom of a serious sinusitis infection. The eyes or eyelids swell. There will also be tenderness on the nose and around the eyes. The sense of smell is also lessened.
Stuffiness and nasal discharges are also symptoms of acute sinusitis infection. It has a cold where a green or yellow-colored discharge runs out of the nose. The nose will also feel blocked and stuffy for ten to fourteen days. There will also be mucus coming out of the sinuses and heading to the back of the throat. This condition is referred to as postnatal drip which would be hard to clear. Because of this, bad breath occurs and the throat would feel irritated and sore. The sense of taste is also reduced.
If one has sinusitis infection, he would find it difficult to breathe due to the blocked nasal passages. The sufferer will have to inhale and exhale through his mouth and not the nose. Fatigue is another symptom because of the increased desire to breathe which takes up more energy. This also prevents one to acquire a good sleep at night thus all the reason to become overly tired.
If a sinusitis infection sufferer also suffers ear infections due to viral infections like a common cold, he would feel off-balance. This is because the infection has reached the ear’s chambers which control balance and they may not function rightfully. This is a condition called vertigo. Because the Eustachian tubes are clogged by the sinusitis, one would feel dizzy. The said tubes are those that connect the nose and the ears.
The dizziness felt due to an ear infection or the congestion of the Eustachian tubes shall subside the moment the infection heals. If one suffers dizzy spells, he must immediately sit down or lie down in bed until he does not feel dizzy anymore. He must avoid driving or handling heavy machinery.
Another sinusitis infection symptom which is not that common and happens in very extreme cases is infection of the brain. The bacteria or virus will reach the brain and shall cause overall damage such as meningitis. Productive coughing, which produces mucus, and sneezing may also occur. Dry cough will also occur which becomes worse at night.
If the ear infection is not treated, it may worsen and this may result to hearing loss permanently. Blindness may also happen if the infection goes up to the eyes and is not treated. There are other dangerous side effects of sinusitis infection which include blood clotting along the sinuses. This would clog the veins and would lead to a stroke. It is therefore vital to treat sinusitis before it worsens to a chronic condition. If one feels dizzy, feverish and numb and suffers from head or chest or loss of consciousness, he must seek immediate emergency medical treatment.
The duration of sinus infections lasts for not less than a week to months. The symptoms would improve only if this inflammation is treated properly. Treatments to manage the symptoms include over-the-counter medicines like pain relievers and decongestants while doctors also advise antibiotics for quicker healing. The antibiotics prescribed are not really to manage sinusitis but the ear infection that accompanies it.
In order check how to treat a sinus infection, one needs to be aware of the known irritants so that they can avoid them. It is important to moisten the nasal passages. One should free his house or workplace free of dust. He can utilize a dehumidifier as this has been proven to be helpful. If such techniques do not succeed, medications or surgery is deemed necessary.
There are also home remedies for sinusitis infection symptoms. One can use warm compress on his face so as to minimize sinus pressure. He should drink plenty of fluids and take a lot of rest.
There are also alternative treatments used to improve the symptoms of sinusitis infection. One of them is using a neti pot or a squeeze bottle specifically designed for such a condition. This uses warm salt water to pass through the sinuses to wash away contaminants that cause infection and bring relief.
Doctors also recommend a steroid-based nasal spray for very severe sinusitis cases. This lessens the inflammation.
It is important to drink plenty of fluids in order to clear sinusitis infections. One can drink a hot and soothing tea which can calm sore throats and bring decongestion. He can also undergo steam therapy where he inhales steam 2 to 4 times per day. This is done by utilizing a towel to direct the steam coming from a container filled with boiling hot water or a vaporizer to the nasal passages. He should then inhale this for ten minutes.
These are the sinusitis infection symptoms which must be treated immediately and properly.