A frontal sinus infection is one of the most unwanted diseases around the world for several reasons. Aside from physically looking tired from breathing discomfort, a person suffering from this infection may also experience other internal pains. A study shows that there is one out of three individual who suffers from this type of infection. Since this is widespread, it is best to consider learning pertinent information about the condition, such as its causes, complications, and several treatments, remedies and preventions.
Before knowing more about a frontal sinus infection, it is better to understand first what a frontal sinus is. The human skull consists of cavities inside the bones that start from the nose and at the back of the eyes, and then it passes through the forehead and up to the skull’s back. These cavities are commonly called as sinuses, which reduce the skull’s mass. Frontal sinus, on the other hand, is positioned at the front part of the skull, particularly in the sinus cavities near the nose and eyes.
This infection has different causes and one of these is a bacterial infection. A lot of illnesses are generally due to bacteria. For some reason, no matter how healthy a person is, he or she can catch a certain bacteria that can trigger the disease and spread throughout that person’s body. In the case of a frontal sinus infection, there will be an increase in mucus, which will cause blocking from drainage.
Aside from bacterial infection, this disease can also be because of allergies due to pollution, pollen and the like. Moreover, it can also be an effect from tumors or nasal polyps, in which the latter prevents the right drainage. It can also be observed that in some isolated cases, a frontal sinus infection can also be due to tooth infection.
There are some people who are lucky enough to experience one sickness at a time but there are those who suffer from multiple diseases at the same time. Unfortunately, having a frontal sinus infection can lead to several complications, especially when a person has a history of or is currently undergoing different illnesses.
One of the complications that a person can experience from having this kind of infection pertains to those who have asthma. It is known to everyone that asthma causes a person to suffer from shortness of breath. When an asthmatic individual also suffers from sinusitis, he or she has a bigger probability to experience more symptoms on asthma, which can eventually worsen as it tends to increase the number of attacks. As a result, the person will go through severe discomfort in breathing; such a condition may need intensive care from specialists, or worse, it may cause death.
Aside from complications with the lower respiratory, sinusitis can also affect the upper part of the body. If the infection is mainly caused by untreated bacteria, this may lead to meningitis. Meningitis is defined as an inflammation of the membranes that protect the brain and the spinal cord. These membranes are often referred to as meninges. This inflammation is commonly caused by viruses or bacteria, which is why it is believed that the bacteria causing a frontal sinus can also trigger meningitis. It is very important to note that meningitis is a deadly disease. With this, experiencing both of these illnesses should be given immediate attention to avoid further complications.
Another complication that may result from having frontal sinusitis is having vision problems. A pressure from this infection can cause the vision of a person to blur or worst, it can go all the way to loss of sight. This will also be the case if the infection already spreads throughout the person’s eye socket. Other than affecting the eyes, complications can also affect one’s ears, especially to those who are frequently experiencing sinus infection. The person having ear infections due to complications from sinusitis will experience trouble in hearing, although not completely deaf. Complications from this kind of sinus infection may also occur in exceptional cases, such as blood clot or aneurysm.
The best action to do when one experiences this infection is to consult a doctor immediately, especially when the infection lasts for more than one week. To determine which treatment to take, the root cause of the infection should be determined first. If the infection is due to bacteria, the doctor will most probably prescribe antibiotics. Taking antibiotics needs discipline and the prescription should be finished on the prescribed period even if the symptoms are no longer experienced. This is to avoid the infection from coming back and become resistant to the prescription.
Aside from antibiotics, the doctor may also recommend nasal corticosteroids, which can help reduce the heavy feeling on the nasal cavity, as well as get rid of swelling. Since plugged mucus gives severe discomfort, decongestants are also prescribed to assuage pain.
If the infection is not as severe as those indicated above, there are doctor-approved home remedies that one can do to prevent sinusitis from worsening. Drinking lots of water is still the number one do-it-yourself remedy in any kind of sickness, including a frontal sinus infection as this flushes the mucus. A hot compress placed on the sinuses can give a relief as this releases pressure and reduces pain. In addition, a humidifier can also keep the sinuses damp and avoid bleeding.
Even though it seems like this infection is unavoidable, there are in fact some ways to prevent frontal sinus infection from occurring. Frequently washing of hands can avoid bacteria that cause infection from spreading throughout the body. At the same time, avoiding pollution can also reduce the risk of catching this infection. For those who are smoking, it advisable to refrain from this habit as this can also trigger the infection to spread.
These are the basics regarding a frontal sinus infection. Although it is an excellent idea to know the symptoms and cures, the best thing to keep in mind is that it is better to prevent the infection from occurring in the first place as one will never know if he or she can stop the infection from going to the incurable stage.