Sinus pressure can be very annoying. It can get in the way of your performance in school or at work because it can cause discomfort which may distract you in the performance of your duties. Do not worry though because this can be very treatable. And no, it is not a serious medical condition. But you have to take note though that it can lead to complications and serious medical issues if you do not address it in the soonest possible time.
But first, what is sinus pressure?
In essence, pressure in the sinuses is a symptom. It can be an indicator of an underlying medical condition. Or it can also be a symptom of an allergy. Here, the tissue that is lining the cavities of your sinuses swell or gets inflamed due to various reasons.
When this happens, your sinuses become blocked. Then, breathing becomes hard because both mucus and air become trapped inside. After some time, the mucus will dry up and this further blocks your sinuses, thereby causing the pain and pressure. You will then have difficulty breathing through your nose and you will feel pressure along your nose bridge among other areas. You may even get a headache.
Causes of Sinus Pressure
There are a lot of possible causes of sinus pressure. It is important to get to know them so that you will be able to find the best treatment option or remedy to get rid of the pressure. So to help you out with that, here are some of the possible causes of the pressure in your sinuses.
- Colds or flu
This is among the most common causes of pressure in the sinuses. This happens because the mucus that is generated when you have colds or flu gets lodged in your sinuses and dries up. This then blocks the air and you find it difficult to breathe. The pressure also builds in your sinus area.
- Bacterial infection
As previously mentioned, pressure in the sinuses can also be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. In this case, it may be an indicator that you are suffering from a bacterial infection. Given that, it is important that you seek medical attention immediately. Your doctor may get you on antibiotics. It is important to get the infection treated to kill the bacteria and prevent it from travelling to other parts of your body, especially the brain.
This is also among the most common causes of pressure in the sinuses. You may have eaten something that triggered the allergy. On the other hand, you may have drunk something you are also allergic to. There are also cases when you may have inhaled certain elements or substances in the air which triggered the allergic reaction.
During the allergic reaction, your sinuses will swell. Mucus will be secreted and then it will dry up and build up in your sinus area. This will then cause the pressure as well as the pain.
- Structural defects
On the other hand, there are instances when some people are already predisposed to experiencing sinus pressure every once in a while. This is mainly because they have structural defects in their nasal cavity. In these cases, surgery is the best option of treatment to go for. Otherwise, the patient may forever suffer from constant pressure in the sinuses. This can even lead to complications and other medical problems.
Treatment for Sinus Pressure
There are a lot of treatment options for sinus pressure. Although there are a couple of them which you can do yourself, it is still best to consult your doctor first so that you will be able to find the best treatment method to work for your case.
- Natural treatment
You can go for the natural remedies for pressure in the sinuses which are actually popular treatment methods. They can be simpler and way cheaper compared to the medications. In fact, there are natural treatment options which are readily available in your home.
Among the most popular natural ways on how to get rid of pressure in the sinuses is through nasal irrigation wherein you pour a mixture through one of your nostrils. The mixture will then cleanse and break up the dried mucus in your sinuses so that you will get relief. Then the mixture will go out of your other nostril.
Acupressure and facial massage is also another helpful natural method. The principle here is to use the sinus pressure points and target them in order to relax the sinuses so you can get relief. You can do this yourself or you can go to an expert masseuse.
Proper and ample hydration is also important to get relief from the pressure in your sinuses. You just have to stick to drinking at least 8 glasses of water on a daily basis. The bottom line here is that the water in your body will help naturally in draining your sinuses. You can further increase your water intake if you want. It will actually be better.
- Chemical treatment
You can also take medications if you want. There are actually a lot of medicines for getting rid of sinus pressure. For one, you can use the decongestants or nasal sprays. There are also decongestants in the form of pills. You must take note though that these decongestants only provide temporary relief from the pressure in your sinuses. The nasal sprays are only recommended for three days and no further. The pills, on the other hand, can be used up to 7 days.
Antibiotics are recommended or prescribed by doctor if the pressure you are experiencing in your sinuses is caused by an underlying bacterial infection. But of course, you will have to consult your doctor about this first. On the other hand, if the blockage of your sinuses is caused by an allergy, antihistamines are taken.
Lastly, there are cases when surgery is already necessary. This is for the cases of extreme sinus pressure. The aim here is to enlarge the opening of your sinus.